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Antifragile
Author: Nassim Nicholas Taleb
Publisher: Random House Incorporated
ISBN: 0812979680
Pages: 519
Year: 2014
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Shares insights into how adversity can bring out the best in individuals and communities, drawing on multiple disciplines to consider such topics as the superiority of city states over nation states and the drawbacks of debt.
Love and Math
Author: Edward Frenkel
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465069959
Pages: 288
Year: 2013-10-01
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What if you had to take an art class in which you were only taught how to paint a fence? What if you were never shown the paintings of van Gogh and Picasso, weren’t even told they existed? Alas, this is how math is taught, and so for most of us it becomes the intellectual equivalent of watching paint dry. In Love and Math, renowned mathematician Edward Frenkel reveals a side of math we’ve never seen, suffused with all the beauty and elegance of a work of art. In this heartfelt and passionate book, Frenkel shows that mathematics, far from occupying a specialist niche, goes to the heart of all matter, uniting us across cultures, time, and space. Love and Math tells two intertwined stories: of the wonders of mathematics and of one young man’s journey learning and living it. Having braved a discriminatory educational system to become one of the twenty-first century’s leading mathematicians, Frenkel now works on one of the biggest ideas to come out of math in the last 50 years: the Langlands Program. Considered by many to be a Grand Unified Theory of mathematics, the Langlands Program enables researchers to translate findings from one field to another so that they can solve problems, such as Fermat’s last theorem, that had seemed intractable before. At its core, Love and Math is a story about accessing a new way of thinking, which can enrich our lives and empower us to better understand the world and our place in it. It is an invitation to discover the magic hidden universe of mathematics.
Intelligence Artificielle
Author: Pierre Fraser
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 1544932464
Pages: 160
Year: 2017-03-25
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Le sociologue Pierre Fraser fait ici une affirmation audacieuse : tout syst�me d'intelligence artificielle qui est en mesure d'apprendre par lui-m�me, tout en le faisant avec un degr� exponentiellement sup�rieur � celui d'un cerveau biologique - et c'est bien ce que peut faire un r�seau massivement connect� de neurones artificiels -, disposera de la capacit� � r�ellement devenir antifragile, parce qu'il sera en mesure d'apprendre � partir de la volatilit� de son propre environnement, qu'il s'adaptera, qu'il s'am�liorera au fil du temps, tout comme est en mesure de le faire un cerveau biologique. La raison pour laquelle l'auteur pr�tend que son affirmation est audacieuse, ce n'est pas parce qu'elle n'a pas une valeur scientifique, sociologique ou philosophique, mais bien parce qu'elle est tout � fait � contre-courant de la culture populaire dominante, des affirmations de personnalit�s influentes comme Stephen Hawking, Bill Gates et Elon Musk, de la culture hollywoodienne, et de la culture romanesque de toutes les dystopies fond�es sur l'intelligence artificielle. Tout en reprenant le concept d'antifragilit� de Nassim Nicholas Taleb, ce livre cherche � voir si celui-ci peut s'appliquer aux r�seaux de neurones artificiels. Si, pour Taleb, ce qui est antifragile profite sans contredit des �v�nements inattendus, Fraser tente de transposer l'id�e dans le domaine de l'intelligence artificielle et d�montre que nous nous dirigeons non pas vers un monde de plus en plus fragile, mais effectivement vers un monde de plus en plus antifragile.
Representation Theory and Complex Analysis
Author: Michael Cowling, Edward Frenkel, Masaki Kashiwara, Alain Valette, David A. Vogan, Nolan R. Wallach
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540768920
Pages: 389
Year: 2008-02-22
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Six leading experts lecture on a wide spectrum of recent results on the subject of the title. They present a survey of various interactions between representation theory and harmonic analysis on semisimple groups and symmetric spaces, and recall the concept of amenability. They further illustrate how representation theory is related to quantum computing; and much more. Taken together, this volume provides both a solid reference and deep insights on current research activity.
Intelligence Artificielle, Entre Mythe Et Technologie
Author: Pierre Fraser
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 153911810X
Pages: 200
Year: 2016-09-27
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Ce premier tome du projet � IA+ / Intelligence artificielle � se propose de d�montrer comment le concept m�me d'intelligence artificielle est parvenu � se construire comme mythe, et comment les grandes corporations de la Silicon Valley s'y sont massivement investies, disposant d�s lors d'un pouvoir jusqu'� date sans �quivalent dans l'histoire de l'humanit�. C'est donc � une transformation en profondeur de la soci�t� � laquelle nous sommes tous convi�s. Certains pr�tendent que l'introduction de technologies issues de l'intelligence artificielle fera en sorte de rendre nos soci�t�s plus �quitables. Certes, on peut faire cette affirmation, mais s'il y a une chose que l'histoire nous a appris, c'est qu'il existe trois invariants historiques qui traversent toutes les �poques : la qu�te de pouvoir ; l'accumulation de richesses et de ressources ; les deux pr�c�dents �tant concentr�s dans les mains d'une minorit� agissante aujourd'hui repr�sent�e par les grandes corporations de la Silicon Valley. Celles-ci, en investissant massivement dans l'intelligence artificielle, sont en train de mener une vaste exp�rience sociale � l'�chelle plan�taire, dans le sens o� elles mettent � l'essai des innovations technologiques majeures susceptibles de transformer les soci�t�s. Au-del� de ces constats sociaux, ce cinqui�me tome veut aussi remettre les pendules � l'heure en ce qui concerne l'intelligence artificielle g�n�raliste de niveau humain et la non moins c�l�bre superintelligence artificielle qui pourrait tous nous rel�guer un jour aux oubliettes de l'histoire. Et c'est l� o� le mythe de l'intelligence artificielle prend toute sa dimension avec en toile de fond les transhumanistes.
The Black Swan: Second Edition
Author: Nassim Nicholas Taleb
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 0679604189
Pages: 480
Year: 2010-05-11
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The Black Swan is a standalone book in Nassim Nicholas Taleb’s landmark Incerto series, an investigation of opacity, luck, uncertainty, probability, human error, risk, and decision-making in a world we don’t understand. The other books in the series are Fooled by Randomness, Antifragile, Skin in the Game, and The Bed of Procrustes. A black swan is a highly improbable event with three principal characteristics: It is unpredictable; it carries a massive impact; and, after the fact, we concoct an explanation that makes it appear less random, and more predictable, than it was. The astonishing success of Google was a black swan; so was 9/11. For Nassim Nicholas Taleb, black swans underlie almost everything about our world, from the rise of religions to events in our own personal lives. Why do we not acknowledge the phenomenon of black swans until after they occur? Part of the answer, according to Taleb, is that humans are hardwired to learn specifics when they should be focused on generalities. We concentrate on things we already know and time and time again fail to take into consideration what we don’t know. We are, therefore, unable to truly estimate opportunities, too vulnerable to the impulse to simplify, narrate, and categorize, and not open enough to rewarding those who can imagine the “impossible.” For years, Taleb has studied how we fool ourselves into thinking we know more than we actually do. We restrict our thinking to the irrelevant and inconsequential, while large events continue to surprise us and shape our world. In this revelatory book, Taleb explains everything we know about what we don’t know, and this second edition features a new philosophical and empirical essay, “On Robustness and Fragility,” which offers tools to navigate and exploit a Black Swan world. Elegant, startling, and universal in its applications, The Black Swan will change the way you look at the world. Taleb is a vastly entertaining writer, with wit, irreverence, and unusual stories to tell. He has a polymathic command of subjects ranging from cognitive science to business to probability theory. The Black Swan is a landmark book—itself a black swan. Praise for Nassim Nicholas Taleb “The most prophetic voice of all.”—GQ Praise for The Black Swan “[A book] that altered modern thinking.”—The Times (London) “A masterpiece.”—Chris Anderson, editor in chief of Wired, author of The Long Tail “Idiosyncratically brilliant.”—Niall Ferguson, Los Angeles Times “The Black Swan changed my view of how the world works.”—Daniel Kahneman, Nobel laureate “[Taleb writes] in a style that owes as much to Stephen Colbert as it does to Michel de Montaigne. . . . We eagerly romp with him through the follies of confirmation bias [and] narrative fallacy.”—The Wall Street Journal “Hugely enjoyable—compelling . . . easy to dip into.”—Financial Times “Engaging . . . The Black Swan has appealing cheek and admirable ambition.”—The New York Times Book Review
The Bed of Procrustes
Author: Nassim Nicholas Taleb
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 0679643680
Pages: 176
Year: 2010-11-30
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Bed of Procrustes is a standalone book in Nassim Nicholas Taleb’s landmark Incerto series, an investigation of opacity, luck, uncertainty, probability, human error, risk, and decision-making in a world we don’t understand. The other books in the series are Fooled by Randomness, The Black Swan, Antifragile, and Skin in the Game. By the author of the modern classic The Black Swan, this collection of aphorisms and meditations expresses his major ideas in ways you least expect. The Bed of Procrustes takes its title from Greek mythology: the story of a man who made his visitors fit his bed to perfection by either stretching them or cutting their limbs. It represents Taleb’s view of modern civilization’s hubristic side effects—modifying humans to satisfy technology, blaming reality for not fitting economic models, inventing diseases to sell drugs, defining intelligence as what can be tested in a classroom, and convincing people that employment is not slavery. Playful and irreverent, these aphorisms will surprise you by exposing self-delusions you have been living with but never recognized. With a rare combination of pointed wit and potent wisdom, Taleb plows through human illusions, contrasting the classical values of courage, elegance, and erudition against the modern diseases of nerdiness, philistinism, and phoniness. “Taleb’s crystalline nuggets of thought stand alone like esoteric poems.”—Financial Times
Vertex Algebras and Algebraic Curves: Second Edition
Author: Edward Frenkel, David Ben-Zvi
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821836749
Pages: 400
Year: 2004-08-25
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Vertex algebras are algebraic objects that encapsulate the concept of operator product expansion from two-dimensional conformal field theory. Vertex algebras are fast becoming ubiquitous in many areas of modern mathematics, with applications to representation theory, algebraic geometry, the theory of finite groups, modular functions, topology, integrable systems, and combinatorics. This book is an introduction to the theory of vertex algebras with a particular emphasis on the relationship with the geometry of algebraic curves. The notion of a vertex algebra is introduced in a coordinate-independent way, so that vertex operators become well defined on arbitrary smooth algebraic curves, possibly equipped with additional data, such as a vector bundle. Vertex algebras then appear as the algebraic objects encoding the geometric structure of various moduli spaces associated with algebraic curves. Therefore they may be used to give a geometric interpretation of various questions of representation theory. The book contains many original results, introduces important new concepts, and brings new insights into the theory of vertex algebras. The authors have made a great effort to make the book self-contained and accessible to readers of all backgrounds. Reviewers of the first edition anticipated that it would have a long-lasting influence on this exciting field of mathematics and would be very useful for graduate students and researchers interested in the subject. This second edition, substantially improved and expanded, includes several new topics, in particular an introduction to the Beilinson-Drinfeld theory of factorization algebras and the geometric Langlands correspondence.
Liebe und Mathematik
Author: Edward Frenkel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662434210
Pages: 317
Year: 2014-11-17
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Global Geodetic Observing System
Author: Hans-Peter Plag, Michael Pearlman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642026877
Pages: 332
Year: 2009-07-25
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The Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS) has been established by the Int- national Association of Geodesy (IAG) in order to integrate the three fundamental areas of geodesy, so as to monitor geodetic parameters and their temporal varia- ?9 tions, in a global reference frame with a target relative accuracy of 10 or b- ter. These areas, often called ‘pillars’, deal with the determination and evolution of (a) the Earth’s geometry (topography, bathymetry, ice surface, sea level), (b) the Earth’s rotation and orientation (polar motion, rotation rate, nutation, etc. ), and (c) the Earth’s gravity eld (gravity, geoid). Therefore, Earth Observation on a global scale is at the heart of GGOS’s activities, which contributes to Global Change - search through the monitoring, as well as the modeling, of dynamic Earth processes such as, for example, mass and angular momentum exchanges, mass transport and ocean circulation, and changes in sea, land and ice surfaces. To achieve such an - bitious goal, GGOS relies on an integrated network of current and future terrestrial, airborne and satellite systems and technologies. These include: various positioning, navigation, remote sensing and dedicated gravity and altimetry satellite missions; global ground networks of VLBI, SLR, DORIS, GNSS and absolute and relative gravity stations; and airborne gravity, mapping and remote sensing systems.
Antifragilität
Author: Nassim Nicholas Taleb
Publisher: Albrecht Knaus Verlag
ISBN: 3641091209
Pages: 688
Year: 2013-02-25
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Die Summe von Talebs Denken – originelle Thesen, eleganter Lesegenuss und scharfe Pointen Wir leben in einer unsicheren Welt, und das System, das sie beherrscht, hat auf dramatische Weise vorgeführt, wie zerbrechlich es ist. Und doch haben wir nichts daraus gelernt und setzen dieser Fragilität keine »Antifragilität« entgegen. Der Bestsellerautor Nassim Nicholas Taleb zeigt uns indes, wie das gehen kann. Er überträgt seine Erkenntnisse aus der Zufallsforschung auf nahezu alle lebenspraktischen Bereiche von der Erziehung über Kultur bis zur Politik. So gelingt ihm eine große, praktisch-philosophische Antwort auf die Herausforderungen unsicherer Zeiten. Denn wir gewinnen nicht, indem wir Zufälle und Ungewissheit um jeden Preis abzuwehren versuchen, sondern indem wir sie zu Stärken ummünzen: Das Antifragile bleibt – alles andere wird verschwinden.
Fooled by Randomness
Author: Nassim Nicholas Taleb
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1588367673
Pages: 368
Year: 2008-10-14
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Fooled by Randomness is a standalone book in Nassim Nicholas Taleb’s landmark Incerto series, an investigation of opacity, luck, uncertainty, probability, human error, risk, and decision-making in a world we don’t understand. The other books in the series are The Black Swan, Antifragile, and The Bed of Procrustes. “[Taleb is] Wall Street’s principal dissident. . . . [Fooled By Randomness] is to conventional Wall Street wisdom approximately what Martin Luther’s ninety-nine theses were to the Catholic Church.” –Malcolm Gladwell, The New Yorker Finally in paperback, the word-of-mouth sensation that will change the way you think about the markets and the world.This book is about luck: more precisely how we perceive luck in our personal and professional experiences. Set against the backdrop of the most conspicuous forum in which luck is mistaken for skill–the world of business–Fooled by Randomness is an irreverent, iconoclastic, eye-opening, and endlessly entertaining exploration of one of the least understood forces in all of our lives. From the Trade Paperback edition.
Brilliant Blunders
Author: Mario Livio
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1439192375
Pages: 352
Year: 2014-05-27
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We all make mistakes. Nobody is perfect. And that includes five of the greatest scientists in history -- Charles Darwin, William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), Linus Pauling, Fred Hoyle, Albert Einstein. But the mistakes that these great scientists made helped science to advance. Indeed, as Mario Livio explains in this fascinating book, science thrives on error; it advances when erroneous ideas are disproven. All five scientists were great geniuses and fascinating human beings. Their blunders were part of their genius and part of the scientific process. Livio brilliantly analyses their errors to show where they were wrong and right, but what makes his book so enjoyable to read is Livio's analysis of the psychology of these towering figures. Along the way the reader learns an enormous amount about the evolution of life on earth and in the universe, but from an unusual vantage point -- the mistakes of great scientists rather than the achievements that made them famous.
Skin in the Game
Author: Nassim Nicholas Taleb
Publisher:
ISBN: 042528462X
Pages: 304
Year: 2018
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The phrase "skin in the game" means that you do not pay attention to what people say, only to what they do, and to how much of their necks they are putting on the line. This willingness to accept one's own risks is an essential attribute of people in all walks of life. Taleb challenges long-held beliefs about those who control our military, finances, religions, and so much more-- and shows how "skin in the game" applies to all aspects of our lives.
The New Institutional Economics
Author: Eirik Grundtvig Furubotn, Rudolf Richter
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 3161457641
Pages: 376
Year: 1991
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